Music and geography: content description of musical audio from different parts of the world

TitleMusic and geography: content description of musical audio from different parts of the world
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2009
Conference Name10th International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference
AuthorsGómez, E., Haro M., & Herrera P.
Conference Start Date26/10/2009
Conference LocationKobe, Japan
Keywordscomputational etnomusicology, drum description, music information retrieval, tonal analysis
AbstractThis paper analyses how audio features related to different musical facets can be useful for the comparative analysis and classification of music from diverse parts of the world. The music collection under study gathers around 6,000 pieces, including traditional music from different geographical zones and countries, as well as a varied set of Western musical styles. We achieve promising results when trying to automatically distinguish music from Western and non-Western traditions. A 86.68% of accuracy is obtained using only 23 audio features, which are representative of distinct musical facets (timbre, tonality, rhythm), indicating their complementarity for music description. We also analyze the relative performance of the different facets and the capability of various descriptors to identify certain types of music. We finally present some results on the relationship between geographical location and musical features in terms of extracted descriptors. All the reported outcomes demonstrate that automatic description of audio signals together with data mining techniques provide means to characterize huge music collections from different traditions, complementing ethnomusicological manual analysis and providing a link between music and geography.
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