Melody Extraction from Polyphonic Music Signals: Approaches, Applications and Challenges

TitleMelody Extraction from Polyphonic Music Signals: Approaches, Applications and Challenges
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsSalamon, J., Gómez E., Ellis D., & Richard G.
Journal TitleIEEE Signal Processing Magazine
Journal Date02/2014
AbstractMelody extraction algorithms aim to produce a sequence of frequency values corresponding to the pitch of the dominant melody from a musical recording. Over the past decade melody extraction has emerged as an active research topic, comprising a large variety of proposed algorithms spanning a wide range of techniques. This article provides an overview of these techniques, the applications for which melody extraction is useful, and the challenges that remain. We start with a discussion of `melody' from both musical and signal processing perspectives, and provide a case study which interprets the output of a melody extraction algorithm for specific excerpts. We then provide a comprehensive comparative analysis of melody extraction algorithms based on the results of an international evaluation campaign. We discuss issues of algorithm design, evaluation and applications which build upon melody extraction. Finally, we discuss some of the remaining challenges in melody extraction research in terms of algorithmic performance, development, and evaluation methodology.
Final publication
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